More or less 20 years after Abraham saved Lot from the hand of kings from East, he returned to find that the child of his brother was in danger. Although the society of the cities helped by Abraham were in a big indebted to the ancestor of Israel (Genesis 14:16-24), they still did not want to worship Elohim of Abraham. Their wickedness was undiminished even after the angel of God visited Sodom (Genesis 13:13). In the end God decided to punish the city of Sodom and Gomorrah such as happened to the resident of earth in the age of Noah (Genesis 18:20-21; 19:13). Through the interference of Abraham, God saved Lot and his family with a warning. Although his wife turned into a pillar of salt because of her disobedience, Lot and his two daughters succeed to reach Zoar safely. Sodom and Gomorrah and also four other cities were destroyed by God with rain of fire and brimstone. Since that time, the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah have become a warning for those who like to splash themselves in the sin of sexual deviation, even up to today.
LOCATION OF SODOM AND GOMORRAH
With the development of study about Palestinian land in early last century, the enthusiasm to rediscover the location and the ruins of both cities is ever greater. Although not one of the ruins of cities is found, all experts agreed that their locations are under the surface of the tip of Southern Dead Sea.
Evidences that justifying emerge from various activity of Archaeology research, which is booked by J. Penrose Harland. In Holy Bible, we can find some guidance that leads us to the conclusion that Sodom and Gomorrah are located at the southern part of Dead Sea. Some of data in Holy Bible give us clear clues, which are: First, Genesis 14:10 said that the war between four kings versus five kings happened in Valley of Sidim which has many wells of asphalt. Asphalt is indeed found a lot in Dead Sea, especially in the southern part. Second, according to Genesis 19:20-23, Lot ran away from Sodom to a place near Zoar. History have noted that in the age of Romans, Byzantine and Arab, there was a small town called Zoar (Zohar), located at the tip of southern of Dead Sea. Because there is no clue if this sites of archaeology ever inhabited at the period before Christianity exist, it is believed that the old Zoar from the era of Abraham have been buried in Dead sea, and its name have been transferred to another town which is exist nearby (Albright, Archaeology Of Palestine and the Bible, page 135). At least the name of Zoar has been used again as a name of a place in that area. Third, Genesis 14:3 said that the battle between kings happened at "Valley of Sidim, which is The Salt Sea". This indicated that Valley of Sidim later suffused by the salt water or the Dead Sea. Archeologist Josephus strengthens the Holy Bible's testimony by saying that with the disappearance of Sodom, that valley has become lake which is called "Aspalitis", a name for Dead Sea. With time goes by, the height of Dead Sea's water surface increased to this day. It's proven by the existence of a large amount of trees of hundreds of year of age found stand up straight underwater at the tip of southern of Dead Sea. Ancient road encircling southern edge of this sea since last two centuries have been immersed below including of Sodom and Gomorrah. In that fortress, was not found a permanent residence although there was a grave and a center of the observance. However that site of archaeology no longer become the supportive evidence after the discovery of earthenware / potsherd and some objects of handicraft which is made between year 2300 and 1900 BC. But in the year 1959, a few aircraft pilots who flown through the area (area in north of El Lisan) have reported seeing a view that looks like the ruins of pillar, streets, and houses in bottom of Dead Sea. Some people later speculating, that those were the debris of ancient Gomorrah (Chicago Sun Times, 28th December 1959).